IELTS Writing Task 1 - Academic - Sample Exercise 3 - Answer

Title: Compare the two plot graphs below on population growth for the two cities given. The figures are given in millions. Figures are in annual numbers - measured in millions or hundreds of thousands. 


Describe the main features on the chart and mention any striking trends.  

Word count: 

150 words  

Top Tip: 

Only state what is shown on the graphs. You are not required to give your opinion on what you think could happen or what may have happened. Stick to the facts. 

Model Answer:  

The two plot graphs depict level of population growth in two cities - namely - London and Dubai. The population growth figures are given in annual numbers and have been given as millions of people or hundreds of thousands of people. The years the growth has been measured is from the year 1980 to 2018. The growth is for almost 40 years, which spans across four decades. 

Firstly, it is clear that Dubai had approximately, 600,000 people living there in 1980 with around 2 million people living in London in the 1980s. Dubai had a steady level of growth to 900,000 people in the year 2000, but London experienced massive growth with a significant jump to almost 4 million people in 1991 and then almost 8 million people in the year 2000. 

Secondly, Dubai had an exponential level of growth from 2000 to 2018. In the 18 years - the population soared to 3 million people, which was the final figure in 2018. On the other hand, London experienced more steady growth reaching 15 million people in 2018.

To sum up, London had the biggest population growth at a steady rate starting with 2 million inhabitants in 1980 reaching 15 million in 2018. On the other hand, Dubai had a steady growth and then a huge surge from 2000 to 2018 reaching 3 million inhabitants in 2018. Both cities grew in terms of population size, but London's 3 million population soared to 15 million and Dubai's original population of around 600,000 grew into 3 million people by 2018. 

Band 7

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