Reading Practice Exercise 1

Read the text below and then answer the questions:  

I’m from China, so I’m very familiar with pollution. Air pollution in my city, Beijing, is at an all time high. Firstly, I think education is the most powerful weapon against fighting pollution. We need to raise more awareness to let people know how they can do simple things like using a recycling bin, being less wasteful and turning the lights off at night. Secondly, the government needs to invest in raising awareness about being environmentally conscious. They should ban cars or use fare based systems like the London congestion charge, which emulates the system used in Singapore – this will reduce cars in the centre of the city. This will in turn reduce the levels of air pollution. Lastly, many people also say that providing free transportation – such as public transportation is one way to reduce the problem of air pollution. Pollution is a wide and complex issue, as it includes noise pollution, air pollution, dirty water and so on. Therefore it’s probably quite challenging to resolve it with just a simple method and it will take a considerable amount of effort to reduce pollution. Pollution is indeed a major problem in my country and I do hope the situation improves in the foreseeable future. 

Q1) Which country is the writer from?  

A) Singapore B) China C) Malaysia  

Q2) Which city is the writer from?  

A) Beijing B) Tokyo C) London  

Q3) What does the writer think is the best solution to reduce pollution?  

A) Government investment B) Education C) Poverty  

Q4) Which congestion charge systems are mentioned in the reading extract?  

A) Singapore and London congestion charges to reduce city traffic in the CBD. B) Mumbai C) Tokyo  

Q5) What was the solution given for air pollution and how to reduce it?  

A) Congestion charges B) Increase public transportation fares C) Give free public transportation  

Answers: Q1 – B, Q2 – A, Q3 – B, Q4 – A, Q5 – C

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