Reading Practice Exercise 7 (Medium Text) – True/False – Not Given

Read the text below and then answer the questions:  

Dr Tenbaum’s research has conducted research on 10 sets of twins or triplets in New Jersey, USA. The research was conducted under top secret conditions and is being held at Yale University with a seal. It will not be revealed until 2080 and there has been a massive amount of interest and controversy. 

The research aimed to research different sets of twins or triplets given up by adoption and was later found to be a huge ethical concern, as it was found in order to conduct the research twins and triplets by the Westcare Adoption Services were organised in such a way that kickbacks were paid in order to separate the children and different families. This is not only inhumane by unethical said one of the triplets Johnny Castle. Johnny was attending his first year of university when he realised something was wrong. He went to the university and everyone seemed to know him. Everyone kept saying “Hello”, “How are you?”. He was new to the university, so he found this extremely strange. Eventually, his apartment manager came in and his jaw dropped. He saw the name was different and he said I think you have a brother, because you look identical to David Smith who left last year. He ran to the phone and asked David “Do you have a twin?”. David asked his adoptive parents who said: “No”. David was asked which adoption agency his parents used. Johnny was asked the same question and both of them realised instantly they are brothers, as it was Westcare Adoption Services.  

The story was eventually picked up by media outlets and heard about all over the world. It became even more interesting when they found out that they were a set of triplets and not twins! David, Johnny and Timmy were all triplets, but they were separated at birth. Westcare Adoption Services agreed this with Dr Tenbaum. Every few months someone would come in to examine them and this was even more controversial, as this person knew that all of them were triplets, but did not disclose this to the families taking part in this illegal, unethical and disastrous study, which is inhumane to say the least. The research doctor Tim Fitzgerald who went to examine all the twins or triplets separated said he did not think it was unethical, as it was such a good experiment. He went on to add that he had no guilt doing what he did, because he was simply doing his job to examine them. The families had no idea, as they were told someone is merely coming in to examine adopted children to ensure they are settling in well and this is part of the adoption process. Not a single parent found this odd, as it’s an extremely logical conclusion.  

More and more twins started coming to light in the media until the research was exposed. One of the mother’s of the twins – Sylvia Patterson said Dr Tenbaum is a nut job. He could have done this experiment to his own family, but to take advantage of the adoption system is beyond illegal and we will be suing for long lasting damages. Eventually, it was found that all twins separated had mental illnesses, which leads to the conclusion that these mental illnesses were due to separation anxiety caused by the forced separation of their twins. It further came to light that this experiment had been conducted on chimpanzee twins, who were forcibly separated. Both twins attempted suicide, so it was not a coincidence in the correlation between the human study. In the set of triplets – Timmy had more mental issues and eventually took his own life in 2005.  

In a further set of twins – Diana and Sienna also from the Westcare Adoption agency also had mental issues – they found each other at 30 years old after they saw the programme about the triplets on TV. Dr Tenbaum defends his research, but he sadly passed away in 2000, so no further comments gave be given other than his notes. The research was sealed eventually and no further access has been given. His research assistant Deena Simmonds who is still alive said she overheard many things about the research and fully supports it. She said the research’s main purpose was as follows – to find out about how much of your upbringing is about your parents. Do parents shape your life and your surroundings. How this brings about an impact in your behaviour, character and so forth. Remarkably, all triplets or twins had the same tastes in things. Food, types of people they look for in a partner, favourite colour and much more. It was about nature vs. nurture, which was the primary objective of the study many people say. Further to this, many of the twins grew up in different backgrounds. One of the triplets grew up in a very wealthy household, one in a working class household and one in a middle class family. However, all of them turned out the same. Deena went on to add that this is remarkable and no such study has been conducted to date. This is a remarkable study, which will help psychologists to understand human behaviour at unprecedented levels. There will never be another study like this in the future. Deena went on to finally defend the research stating that in that time when the study was conducted it was not considered to be controversial or unethical, as it was a very different era.  

Five sets of twins or triplets have no filed a class legal action case again the research, which was found to be funded by the government itself. The case continues and the files are still unreleased with minimal information given to date. 

Q1) The article is about adopted children  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q2) The article is about twins  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q3) The article is about triplets who found each other by accident  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q4) The article mentions some concerns about the ethics of the study  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q5) The article mentions that the study was actually funded by the government  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q6) The article mentions that many of the twins or triplets separated at birth were found to have mental issues, which could be due to the forced separation for the experiment  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q7) The article mentions that when the experiment was conducted it was not considered to be unethical  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q8) The article mentions that the experiment could be one of a kind  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q9) The article mentions that the children in the study were found to have higher rates of suicide compared to other twins or triplets growing up together  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q10) The article cites that five sets of the children will take legal action against the study  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q11) The article stipulated that even though many of the children grew up in different backgrounds or conditions they still grew up with many similarities  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q12) The article highlighted concerns about the study, as the children were unaware of the study  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q13) The article stipulated that the Dr who conducted the study defends his research  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q14) The article mentions that there will be legal action taken against the adoption agency in question  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q15) The article cites that many other twins or triplets found each other after media coverage of the incident  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Answers: 

Q1 – A, Q2 – A, Q3 – A, Q4 – A, Q5 – A, Q6 – A, Q7 – A, Q8 – A, Q9 – A, Q10 – A, Q11 – A, Q12 – A, Q13 – A, Q14 – B, Q15 – A

Q1) The article is about adopted children  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q2) The article is about twins  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q3) The article is about triplets who found each other by accident  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q4) The article mentions some concerns about the ethics of the study  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q5) The article mentions that the study was actually funded by the government  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q6) The article mentions that many of the twins or triplets separated at birth were found to have mental issues, which could be due to the forced separation for the experiment  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q7) The article mentions that when the experiment was conducted it was not considered to be unethical  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q8) The article mentions that the experiment could be one of a kind  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q9) The article mentions that the children in the study were found to have higher rates of suicide compared to other twins or triplets growing up together  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q10) The article cites that five sets of the children will take legal action against the study  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q11) The article stipulated that even though many of the children grew up in different backgrounds or conditions they still grew up with many similarities  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q12) The article highlighted concerns about the study, as the children were unaware of the study  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q13) The article stipulated that the Dr who conducted the study defends his research  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q14) The article mentions that there will be legal action taken against the adoption agency in question  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

Q15) The article cites that many other twins or triplets found each other after media coverage of the incident  

A) True  

B) False  

C) Not Given  

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