Reading Practice Exercise 8 (Difficult Text) - Gap Fill - True/False/Not Given

Read the text below and then answer the questions:  

Speaker A – Climate change in my country China is a massive issue due to the economic growth of China. We have seen an existential crisis with pollution and smog around the capital Beijing. Other cities where industrialisation and industries have been the growing factors have also seen massive issues such as river pollution, air pollution and smog caused by the factories and cars. We propose following models that have reduced pollution effectively based on what happened in Tokyo. Particulate matter emissions in Tokyo dropped from 6.5 tons in 2000 to 2.24 tons in 2010. Automobiles which emit the most PM emissions have fallen from 52 percent to 7 percent respectively.  

Speaker B– Japan still needs to work in reducing air pollution, as the mortality rate according to research conducted by the Health Effects Institute. A news article by the Japan Times suggested that while air pollution in Japan is far lower than Indonesia – it is still dangerously dirty. The consequences include a higher mortality rate directly attributed to the level of pollution. On the other hand, many say that the air quality in Japan is becoming cleaner and PM 2.5 exposures have declined between 1990 to 2017. According to research the rate of pollution in Tokyo was an average level of PM 2.5 of 13.1 in 2018. This counts as moderate, but there is still much to be done about this issue. According to the World Health Organisation – the EU and Japan both experienced a decline of around 14 percent in 2010, but up to 80 percent of the population are living in areas above the World Health Organization.  

Speaker C – In London we are working hard to reduce pollution and the impacts of long-term pollution. We have seen a massive increase in respiratory conditions such as COPD (Chronic Pulmonary Disorder) and asthma. By 2019 all cars will be expected to meet euro 6 car emissions. Any cars not meeting this criteria and entering the extended zone of the ULEZ transport congestion charge will have to pay up to £12 per day. We have already seen a fantastic level of response and improvement with the introduction of the London Congestion Charge, which charges vehicles to enter the congestion centre of London. This encourages drivers to avoid this area and use alternative routes – this reduces traffic and the level of pollution, but there still needs to be much more done to counteract these issues. Londoners are facing chronic illnesses due to the rising levels of pollution.  

Speaker D – In Paris, we are working to reduce the smog. The smog in the city has reached unprecedented levels and was increasing, but we created some events to reduce the pollution in the city. We also banned cars from certain areas in the city to reduce the level of pollution. London has a population of around 8 million and Paris only has around 2 million, so our level of pollution is far too high. The disastrous increase of the levels have been soaring exponentially. We need a meticulous and well-thought out approach in order to counteract this issue with a feasible plan. Air pollution is responsible for 48,000 premature deaths every year according to the Public Health France agency. Paris has struggled for years to combat high levels of smog and authorities have imposed fines by introducing a fine for any vehicle not carrying a Crit'Air emissions category sticker, as part of a long-term scheme to promote lower-emitting vehicles. Another such initiative is that restrictions on car use is in place and 3km (1.8 mile) stretch of the Right Bank of the River Seine has become pedestrianised. Pollution is an existential crisis in Paris and last year – along with the UK, Germany, Italy, Romania and Hungary the European Commission took the named countries to court over their failures to meet the EU limits for nitrogen dioxide (NO²).  

Q1) What would be the appropriate title for the text?  

A) Climate Change & How To Solve Air Pollution 2019 B) Why Climate Change Is Rising Around The World C) What Are We Doing About Air Pollution In 2019? D) Solving the Existential Crisis Of Pollution 2019  

Q2) Which statement would be true?  

A) Speaker A discusses climate change in London B) Speaker B discusses climate change in Paris C) Speaker C discusses climate change in London D) Speaker D discusses climate change in Paris  

Q3) Fill in the blanks  

A) Pollution in China is a massive issue due to......................... B) Air pollution in Japan is becoming …......................... C) London has seen a massive increase in …........................ D) Authorities in Paris have imposed fines by introducing a fine for any vehicle not carrying a Crit'Air category ….......................  

Q4) Mark true, false or not given for the following statements:  

A) Pollution is an existential crisis in Paris B) Paris is the world's place to live C) Paris has the biggest problem with pollution in Europe D) Paris has resolved the issue of pollution successfully  

Q5) Mark true or false for the following statements:  

A) Japan has lower air pollution than Indonesia B) London will charge cars emitting higher levels of pollution C) Londoners are getting healthier due to the pollution D) China has a small problem with climate change  

Q6) Fill in the blanks  

A) In London we are working hard to reduce pollution and the impacts of …....... pollution B) Japan is becoming cleaner and PM 2.5 exposures have …............ between 1990 to 2017 C) London has a population of around …......... million and Paris only has around 2 million D) According to the …................– the EU and Japan both experienced a decline of around 14 percent in 2010  

Q7) Which statement would be not given?  

A) Speaker A highlights the issue of pollution and climate change in China B) Speaker B talks about how Spain has the most pollution C) Speaker C argues that respiratory conditions are increasing due to air pollution D) Speaker D talks about how to counteract issues of air pollution with a well-thought out and feasible plan. 

Q8) Which speaker defines climate change as the following:  

A) An existential crisis B) Disastrous C) Great D) Fantastic  

Q9) Which speaker defines smog reaching unprecedented levels:  

A) Speaker A B) Speaker B C) Speaker C D) Speaker D  

Qs10) Which city has introduced a car emissions charge:  

A) Paris B) Tokyo C) London D) Beijing  

Q11) Which city has introduced a car emissions sticker:  

A) Paris B) Tokyo C) London D) Beijing  

Q12) Which speaker talks about chronic illnesses developing due to air pollution:  

A) Speaker A B) Speaker B C) Speaker C D) Speaker D  

Q13) Which speaker discusses air pollution as being dangerously dirty:  

A) Speaker A B) Speaker B C) Speaker C D) Speaker D  

Q14) Which speaker defines air pollution as being an existential crisis:  

A) Speaker A B) Speaker B C) Speaker C D) Speaker D  

Q15) Which speaker talks about a long-term scheme to promote lower-emitting vehicles:  

A) Speaker A B) Speaker B C) Speaker C D) Speaker D  

Answers: 

Q1) What would be the appropriate title for the text?  

A) Climate Change & How To Solve Air Pollution 2019 B) Why Climate Change Is Rising Around The World C) What Are We Doing About Air Pollution In 2019? D) Solving the Existential Crisis Of Pollution 2019  

Q2) Which statement would be true?  

A) Speaker A discusses climate change in London B) Speaker B discusses climate change in Paris C) Speaker C discusses climate change in London D) Speaker D discusses climate change in Paris  

Q3) Fill in the blanks  

A) Pollution in China is a massive issue due to......................... (the economic growth of China) B) Air pollution in Japan is becoming …......................... (dangerously dirty) C) London has seen a massive increase in …........................ (respiratory conditions) D) In Paris, there is a fine for any vehicle not carrying a Crit'Air category …......(sticker)  

Q4) Mark true, false or not given for the following statements:  

A) Pollution is an existential crisis in Paris (True) B) Paris is the world's place to live (Not Given) C) Paris has the biggest problem with pollution in Europe (Not Given) D) Paris has resolved the issue of pollution successfully (False)  

Q5) Mark true or false for the following statements:  

A) Japan has lower air pollution than Indonesia (True) B) London will charge cars emitting higher levels of pollution (True) C) Londoners are getting healthier due to the pollution (False) D) China has a small problem with climate change (False)  

Q6) Fill in the blanks  

A) In London we are working hard to reduce pollution and the impacts of …....... pollution (long-term) B) Japan is becoming cleaner and PM 2.5 exposures have …............ between 1990 to 2017 (declined) C) London has a population of around …......... million and Paris only has around 2 million (8 million) D) According to the …................– the EU and Japan both experienced a decline of around 14 percent in 2010 (World Health Organisation)  

Q7) Which statement would be not given?  

A) Speaker A highlights the issue of pollution and climate change in China B) Speaker B talks about how Spain has the most pollution (Not Given) C) Speaker C argues that respiratory conditions are increasing due to air pollution D) Speaker D talks about how to counteract issues of air pollution with a well-thought out and feasible plan.  

Q8) Which speaker defines climate change as the following:  

A) An existential crisis .................(Speaker A) B) Disastrous C) Great D) Fantastic  

Q9) Which speaker defines smog reaching unprecedented levels:  

A) Speaker A B) Speaker B C) Speaker C D) Speaker D  

Q10) Which city has introduced a car emissions charge:  

A) Paris B) Tokyo C) London D) Beijing  

Q11) Which city has introduced a car emissions sticker:  

A) Paris B) Tokyo C) London D) Beijing  

Q12) Which speaker talks about chronic illnesses developing due to air pollution:  

A) Speaker A B) Speaker B C) Speaker C D) Speaker D  

Q13) Which speaker discusses air pollution as being dangerously dirty:  

A) Speaker A B) Speaker B C) Speaker C D) Speaker D  

Q14) Which speaker defines air pollution as being an existential crisis:  

A) Speaker A B) Speaker B C) Speaker C D) Speaker D  

Q15) Which speaker talks about a long-term scheme to promote lower-emitting vehicles:  

A) Speaker A B) Speaker B C) Speaker C D) Speaker D  

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